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Major
ALFRED CHARLES JENNER
Royal Engineers
(formerly 1859432 Quartermaster Sergeant Instructor, R.E.)

by

Lieutenant Colonel (Retired)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
© 2017.  All Rights Reserved

I.                   INTRODUCTION

            This research was prompted by the author’s acquisition of the Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (George VIR) of 1859432 Quartermaster Sergeant Instructor Alfred Charles Jenner, Royal Engineers who subsequently was commissioned from the ranks and rose to the rank of Major.  The majority of the information contained in this research work was obtained from the following sources:

·         Jenner Family Trees published on the Internet

·         The service papers of Jenner’s father, Alfred Rolfe Jenner

·         Publications of the Corps of Royal Engineers

·         British Army Lists

·         The London Gazette

·         Census documents of England and Wales

Wherever other sources of information have been used, these sources are cited in the text.

             It is interesting to note that while Alfred Charles Jenner served a long career as a Boy Soldier, a senior non-commissioned officer and officer in the Royal Engineers as well as an officer in the Territorial Army the only medals to which he is entitled is the Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (GVIR) and the War Medal for service in World War 2.  His total service spans from 1919 to 1961, 42 years with the Colours in one capacity or other.  While he served during the entire period of World War 2, his special skills as a cartographer kept him in the United Kingdom working on special War Office and General Staff projects.

             In addition to providing information regarding Major Jenner’s life and military career, much information also is included in this research regarding the service of his father Alfred Rolfe Jenner who also served in the Corps of Royal Engineers during the Great War of 1914-1918.

             Section II of this work presents some information regarding the Heraldry of the Jenner name.  It is included only as an item of interest and is not meant to imply that the family was directly linked to the lineage described below.  Interestingly enough the name is derived from an old French word meaning “engineer.”

 

II.                HERALDRY OF THE JENNER NAME  

 

 Figure 1.  The Jenner Coat of Arms.

             This surname of JENNER was derived from the Old French word 'engigneor' an occupational name 'the engineer'. In the middle ages the name referred to military machine makers and from the 12th century combined duty of architect and master mason. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realized that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. Early records of the name mention Waldinus Ingeniator, County Lincoln, 1273. Richard Legignur, 1191 Yorkshire. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicized. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. Later instances of the name include Robert Pascall and Gresagon Jeyner who were married at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1598 and Samuel Jenner and Catherine Roberts were married at the same church in the year 1781.

 III.             JENNER FAMILY HISTORY

            The following lineage of the Alfred Charles Jenner’s family is provided as background material to show who his ancestors were, where they lived and their occupations.  It covers four generations of the Jenner family beginning in 1777 with the birth of his Great-Great Grandfather.

Great-Great Grandparents[1]

            Alfred Charles Jenner’s paternal Great-Great Grandfather Isaac Jenner, a blacksmith, was born in Bethersden, Kent in 1777, the son of Samuel and Mary Jenner.  He was baptized on the 15th of June 1777 in Bethersden.

            His paternal Great-Great Grandmother, Sarah Kennard, was born in 1781, the daughter of Thomas Kennard, a gardener, of Cranbrook, Kent.  Sarah was baptized in Cranbrook on the 23rd of April 1781.

            Alfred and Sarah were married in Cranbrook on the 13th of October 1798.  Alfred died in Cranbrook on the 4th of June 1806.  Sarah Jenner died in Ashford, Kent in 1833.

Great Grandparents[2]

            Alfred Charles Jenner’s paternal Great Grandfather, Charles Jenner, was born in Bethersden, Kent on the 21st of September 1800.  His paternal Great Grandmother, Mary Rolfe was born in Brabourne, Kent in 1805.  Charles Jenner married Mary Rolfe in Ashford, Kent on the 3rd of March 1830.  He died in 1863.[3]  Mary Jenner died in 1880.

            His maternal Great Grandfather, Robert Phipps, was born in Middlesex in 1807 and his maternal Great Grandmother, Hannah, was born in 1811.

Grandparents

            Charles Jenner’s paternal Grandfather, another Charles Jenner, was born in Pluckley, Kent in the district of Ashford in 1840.[4]  His Grandmother, Hannah Frances Phipps was born in London, Middlesex on the 2nd of February 1834.[5]  Charles Jenner and Hannah Frances Phipps were married in Wells, Kent on the 6th of April 1863.

            In 1881 Charles and Hannah F. Jenner were living in Ashford, Kent with their 17-year old son Charles E. Jenner.[6]  The elder Charles was working as a coach smith for the South East Railroad (S.E.R.).  The following is the census return for the Jenner household in 1881:

 

Name

 

Relationship and Occupation

 

Marital Status

 

Age

 

Sex

 

Birthplace

Charles Jenner

Head: Coach Smith S.E. Ry

M

40

M

Pluckley, Kent, England

Hannah F. Jenner

Wife

M

46

F

London, Middlesex, England

Charles E. Jenner

Son: Clerk S.E. Ry

U

17

M

Ashford, Kent, England

Isaac R. Jenner

Son: Booksellers Assistant

U

15

M

Ashford, Kent, England

Phipps E. Jenner

Son: Iron Driller

U

14

M

Ashford, Kent, England

Hannah M. Jenner

Daughter: Scholar

U

12

F

Ashford, Kent, England

Caroline F. Jenner

Daughter: Scholar

U

10

F

Ashford, Kent, England

Alfred R. Jenner

Son: Scholar

U

8

M

Ashford, Kent, England

Harriet M. Jenner

Daughter: Scholar

U

6

F

Ashford, Kent, England


            In 1891 they were still living in Ashford at Beaver Road, 2 Gordon Terrace.[7]  The elder Charles was working as a railway carriage smith.  Their son Charles E. Jenner, then 27-years old, was a railway accountant and their second son, Alfred Rolfe Jenner, then 18-years old, was an apprentice coach maker.  Charles and Hannah also had a daughter, Maria H. Jenner, who was 16 years old in 1891.  Maria worked as a domestic servant, specifically as a mother’s helper.  Charles Jenner died in 1906.  Hannah Francis Jenner died in 1912.

  

Figures 2 and 3.  Charles and Hannah F. Jenner.

Parents

            Alfred Charles Jenner’s father, Alfred Rolfe Jenner, enlisted in the Royal Engineers on the 4th of February 1893.[8]  He was recruited for service in Her Majesty’s forces by Company Sergeant Major J. Parrott of the Kent Artillery.  Jenner swore the Oath of Attestation on this date with CSM Parrott as witness and on the same date his attestation was certified at Ashford, Kent by a Justice of the Peace.

 The following is a description of Alfred Rolfe Jenner on his enlistment.[9]

Age:

20 years

Height;

5 feet 8 inches

Weight:

147 pounds

Minimum Chest Measurement:

34 inches

Maximum Chest Measurement:

36 inches

Physical Development:

Good

Small Pox Marks:

Nil

Vaccination Marks:

Left arm, four (vaccinated in infancy)

Complexion:

Fresh

Eyes:

Grey

Hair:

Light brown

Religion:

Church of England

Trade:

Carpenter


            A.R. Jenner’s occupation in civilian life had been as an apprentice coach maker in 1891.  Apparently the work of a coach maker involved a sufficient amount of carpentry work so that upon his enlistment in the Royal Engineers in 1893 his trade was listed as carpenter.  Men having skills as construction workers of any kind were always considered to be prime candidates for enlistment in the Royal Engineers.  Their civilian skills were often given preference over other requirements that might have caused them to be ineligible to enlist.  This was certainly true during war time and was especially true during the Great War of 1914-1918 when physical disabilities or other non-qualifying criteria were simply overlooked by recruiters.

             On the 6th of February 1893 a Certificate of Medical Examination was issued for A.R. Jenner declaring him to be fit for service in the Army.  This certificate was issued at Canterbury by a Captain in the Army Medical Service.  On that same date a Certificate of Primary Military Examination was issued for him declaring him to be fit for service in the Royal Engineers.  This certificate also was issued at Canterbury by the Recruiting Officer of the 3rd Regimental District.[10]

             Following this administrative work, A.R. Jenner was posted to the School of Military Engineering at Chatham (S.M.E.), Kent.  He was issued Regimental Number 27340 and given the rank of Sapper.  On the 7th of February 1893 while at the S.M.E. he was re-vaccinated three times in the left arm against small pox.  Two of the vaccinations were noted to be “perfect” and one had “failed.”

             Following a period of training at the S.M.E,[11] Sapper Jenner was posted to Plymouth where his service papers show him to be serving in August of 1893.  While serving at Plymouth he was treated for an ulcer of the anus, more appropriately described today as a hemorrhoid, or perhaps it was a solitary rectal ulcer. 

            On the 8th of March 1894 Jenner was awarded a 3rd Class Certificate of Education.[12] 

             His papers next show him to be serving at Cardiff, Wales on the 11th of November 1894.  On the 4th of February 1895 he was awarded Good Conduct Pay at the rate of 1.d. per day.[13]  On the 4th of October 1897 while serving in South Wales, Jenner extended his service to complete 12 years with the Colours.  His request for extension was approved by the Commander Royal Engineers (C.R.E) in South Wales.[14]

             On the 29th of October 1897 Sapper A.R. Jenner embarked for service in Jamaica aboard S.S. Spartan.  He arrived in Newcastle, Jamaica on the 23rd of November 1897 and was posted to a unit in Port Royal.[15]  On the 30th of August 1898 he was admitted to the Royal Naval Hospital with a stomach ailment.  His ailment turned out to be nothing too serious as he was treated by being put on a mild diet.  Soon afterwards, on the 4th of February 1899, he was awarded Good Conduct Pay at the rate of 2.d per day.

 

Figure 4.  The Royal Engineers Arch at Port Royal, Jamaica.

             Sapper Jenner served at Newcastle, Jamaica until the 31st of January 1901 when he was posted home and arrived at Plymouth.  He was posted to the 35th Company, Royal Engineers at Pembroke Dock in Wales where he served until 1903.  During his time with the 35th Company he was appointed to the rank of Lance Corporal and he re-engaged to complete 21-years of service with the Colours.  His re-engagement was approved by the Commander Royal Engineers in South Wales.[16] 

             On the 10th of December 1901 Jenner was admitted to hospital at Pembroke Dock with a sprained wrist.  The British Army at this time was very particular when it came to soldiers losing duty time as a result of even minor injuries.  Therefore, on the 18th of December 1901 a Court of Inquiry was held to investigate Jenner’s lost time due to his sprained wrist.  The Court’s opinion was that the injury was accidental while he was not on duty and that the injury would not affect his future efficiency.  This appears to have been much to do about a simple sprained wrist, but the Army did have its rules and regulation which had to be followed.  He was discharged from hospital on the 24th of December 1901; however, when one considers that he spent 14 days in hospital, this so-called “sprain” may have been more serious that the name implies. 

            In 1902 Jenner was promoted to the rank of 2nd Corporal and on the 25th of November 1902 he married Norah Porteous at St. Mary’s Church in Tenby, Pembroke, Wales.[17]  The wedding was officiated by the Reverend J.J. Davies and witnessed by J. Porteous and F.E. Porteous, both relative of the bride.  On the 10th of February 1903 2nd Corporal Jenner was placed on married roll and became eligible for all the benefits associated with his marriage being formally recognized and approved by his commanding officer.[18]

 

Figure 5.  St. Mary’s Church, Tenby, Pembrokeshire.

             On the 12th of March 1903 2nd Corporal A.R. Jenner and his wife left the 35th Company, Royal Engineers and embarked for a new posting in India.  On the 27th of April 1903 he was posted to Rangoon, Burma to what appears to have been a unit of the Indian Sappers and Miners.  This assumption is based on the fact that on the 1st of October 1903 he elected to serve under the condition of service laid down in Indian Army Order No. 255 of 1902.  The nature of these conditions is not known and is not described in his service papers.  On the 1st of April 1904 Jenner received service pay, Class I, at the rate of 7.d per day.[19]

             Mrs. Jenner had accompanied her husband to Rangoon and on the 8th of October 1904 she gave birth to their daughter, Florence Esther Jenner.  On the 21st of October 1905 2nd Corporal Jenner earned his 2nd Class Certificate of Education and a week later, on the 28th of October the Jenner’s second child, Alfred Charles Jenner (the main subject of this research) was born in Karachi, India.[20]  Alfred Charles was baptized in Karachi by Chaplain E.S. Thomas.  It is of interest to note that on the baptism certificate Jenner is noted to be a Corporal in the Royal Engineers and his wife’s name is given as Lilian Nora Jenner and not just Norah as shown in Jenner’s service record.

             On the 12th of March 1907 2nd Corporal Jenner’s service papers show that he was transferred from the Indian Army to the Imperial Establishment; that is, he was posted to a unit of the Royal Engineers from the Indian Sappers and Miners.  This posting occurred while he and his wife were aboard ship en route to England.  They arrived home from India on the 13th of March 1907 and Jenner was posted to the 6th Company, Royal Engineers at Weymouth, Dorset.  While serving with the 6th Company, A.R. Jenner was promoted to the rank of Corporal.

 

Figure 6.  Corporal Alfred Rolfe Jenner (standing far right) and Other Non-Commissioned Officers of the 6th Company, Royal Engineers at Weymouth, circa 1908.

(Photograph courtesy of The Sapper magazine, November 1940).

NOTE: The unusual uniform of the man standing on Jenner’s right (Corporal Pike) is the uniform of the Royal Engineers Submarine Miners.  The sign in front of the men also is interesting.  “6th Coy: R.E. Indian Wallahs” was probably meant to mean that all of the men in the photograph had recently returned from service in India before being assigned to the 6th Company.

             On the 9th of June 1909 the Jenners had a third child, a son, named William James Jenner, born in Weymouth.

             Corporal and Mrs. Jenner departed Weymouth on the 6th of September 1910 and embarked for Malta where Jenner was assigned to the 28th Company, Royal Engineers.[21]  On the 1st of October 1911 Corporal Jenner was awarded the Long Service and Good Conduct Medal with a gratuity of 5 Pounds per year after having completed 18 years of service with the Colours.

             On the 14th of April 1912 the Jenners had a fourth child, a daughter, named Lilian Maud Jenner, born at Malta.

             Corporal and Mrs. Jenner returned home to England from Malta on the 5th of January 1914 and he was posted to “G” Company of the Royal Engineers Depot Battalion at Chatham, Kent.  Corporal Alfred Rolfe Jenner was discharged from the Army on the 3rd of February 1914 on the termination of his 2nd period of limited engagement just 6 months before the start of the Great War of 1914-1918.  It appears that he was not recalled for the Great War and no Medal Index Card for him has been found. 

 

IV.             THE LIFE AND MILITARY SERVICE OF ALFRED CHARLES JENNER

Enlistment

            Alfred Charles Jenner, born in 1905, obviously was too young to serve in the Great War of 1914-1918.  However, in December of 1919 he enlisted as a Boy Soldier in the Royal Engineers at the approximate age of 14 years and 2 months.  Upon his enlistment he was issued Army Number 1859432.[22]

Service in the Ranks

            Upon attaining the age of 18 years in October of 1923, Boy Soldier A.C. Jenner entered the ranks of the Royal Engineers as a Sapper.  He was posted to the Royal Engineers Training Battalion at Chatham and during the 9th and 10th of April 1924 he played the part of a bridegroom in musical play entitled “Ubique” or “Join the Royal Engineers and See the World.”[23]

            Between 1927 and 1930, Sapper Jenner received a series of relatively rapid promotions.  He was promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal on the 29th of January 1927,[24] appointed Acting Sergeant on the 13th of February 1930,[25] promoted to the substantive rank of Corporal on the 25th of February 1930[26] and appointed a Temporary Sergeant on the 13th of March 1930.[27]

            On the 26th of July 1930 Temporary Sergeant Jenner married May Hooper at Medway, Kent.  May was a young woman 21 years of age who worked as a shop assistant.  The couple was married in the Wesleyan Methodist Church on Canterbury Street in Gillingham, Kent.

Figure 7.  The Wesleyan Methodist Church, Gillingham, Kent.

             Jenner’s residence at the time of their marriage was listed as Kitchener Barracks, in Dock Road, Chatham, Kent.  May Hooper was residing at 46 Mill Road in Gillingham at the time of their marriage.  The groom’s father, Alfred Rolfe Jenner is shown on their marriage certificate as being deceased.  The bride’s father was William Hooper, a draughtsman at His Majesty’s Dockyard in Chatham.  The ceremony was officiated by the Reverend H.W. Goldsack of the Byron Road Wesleyan Church.[28]

            Jenner re-engaged to complete 21 years of service with the Colours in February of 1931.  He had reverted to his permanent rank of Corporal when this action was taken.[29] 

             The Jenners first child, Derek Charles Jenner (1932-2009) was born in Medway in February of 1932 and Corporal Jenner was promoted to the rank of Lance Sergeant on the 14th of July 1933.[30]  During this period he was serving in “L” Company of the Depot Battalion, School of Military Engineering at Chatham under the command of Captain R. le H. Guiton. R.E.  The commander of the Depot Battalion was Lieutenant Colonel E.N. Evelegh, DSO, MC, R.E.[31] 

             On the 1st of August 1935 Jenner was appointed to the rank of Acting Sergeant under Captain Guiton[32] and on the 28th of December 1935 he was promoted to the substantive rank of Sergeant.[33]

             The Jenners second child, Raymond E. Jenner, was born in Medway in September of 1937 and in December of that year Sergeant Jenner completed 18 years of service and was awarded the Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (GVIR) with bar [REGULAR ARMY].[34]

             Jenner subsequently was promoted to the rank of Staff Sergeant[35] and then to Quartermaster Sergeant Instructor (QMSI) in early 1940.[36]  In February of 1940 he assumed the duties of Editor of The Sapper magazine.[37]  He completed 21 years of service in the ranks in December 1940 and in May of 1941 he terminated his duties as the editor of The Sapper when he received a commission as an officer in the Royal Engineers.[38]

 Commissioned Service

             Alfred Charles Jenner was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers on the 23rd of May 1941.[39]  His was a Royal Engineers Regular Army Emergency Commission on the  General List and he was issued Army Number 188417.  In the Station News section of The Sapper of July 1941 (page 205) there was an announcement published from the War Office bidding farewell to QMSI A.C. Jenner as editor of the magazine. 

             Following his commissioning he was posted to command Geographical Section units of the General Staff in Scotland and Northern Ireland and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant in about 1943.  His duties involved surveying and map mapping for regions of the world where the British and Allied forces would be engaged in conflicts with the Axis forces.  He appears to have performed these duties for the duration of World War 2 and did not see any active service abroad during the war.  Although he had not seen active service during the war he was entitled to the War Medal as this medal was awarded to all full-time personnel of the Armed Forces wherever their service during the war was rendered.  Operational and non-operational service counted, providing that it was of twenty-eight days' or more duration.

            It is believed that Mrs. Jenner had been commissioned in Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve early in the war (Army Number 250130) and that she relinquished her commission on the 23rd of October 1944.[40]  (NOTE: This information was obtained from The London Gazette and the author has assumed that the Mrs. A.C. Jenner mentioned in that publication was the wife of Major Jenner.  However, Major Jenner’s daughter-in-law has indicated to the author that she “cannot recall Mother-in-Law being a Nurse.”).[41] The initials and surname of the nurse who served in QAIMNSR may purely be a coincidence with those of Major Jenner’s wife.

             On the 12th of November 1945 Jenner wrote a letter to the editor of The Sapper, which is reproduced below.  The letter deals with the collection of money for the Royal Engineers Memorial Fund.

 “Hygrade”

(Off)  Boston Road

Hanwell,[42]

            London, W.7

12th November, 1945

 

The Editor, “The Sapper”

Dear Editor

            I am in absolute agreement with “J.J.” that there are thousands of ex-R.E. will to subscribe to a lasting memorial for the R.E., but the difficulty seems to be to find something truly lasting in this topsy-turvy world.

            You may be interested to know that his unit is collecting money in weekly installments for the R.E. War Memorial but the response is as yet rather feeble because the proposals put forward are not liked, on the grounds of their expense and their limited benefit to R.E. personnel.  It is also felt that such medical facilities are likely to be forthcoming shortly within the framework of a State medical service.[43]

            The R.E. Corps Center is certainly an improvement on these proposals, but even this will be extremely local in its functions and will only benefit those in the Aldershot and Chatham areas.

            As a result of a full discussion, it was unanimously agreed in this unit that the R.E. War Memorial we should like to see should take the form of traveling scholarships for sons and daughters of R.E. personnel, on similar lines to the Rhodes scholarships.

            It was felt that the peace of the world depends so much on better international understanding that the most fitting and lasting memorial of the sacrifices made by all ranks of the Corps of Royal Engineers should be an instrument by which a small but steady stream of young people should benefit by international travel and study abroad.

            In considering the form a War Memorial should take, it is important that we should try and study not so much or own wishes as the wishes of those who have fallen.  Thus we felt that our memorial should be an activating force for the promotion of peace rather than a local centre whose lasting qualities would be nil if war should come again in this atomic age.

                                                                        Yours sincerely,

                                                                                    A.C. JENNER, Capt., R.E. 

            It is obvious from his signature block at the end of the letter that Jenner had been promoted to the rank of Captain (probable a temporary promotion) prior to the end of the war.

             Captain Jenner’s activities between late 1945 and the end of 1951 have not been uncovered.  He is not listed in the Official Army Lists during this period, so it appears that he may have taken up an occupation in civilian life, although it appears that he remained active in the Territorial Army (T.A.).  On the 22nd of November 1951 The London Gazette indicates that he was promoted to the rank of Captain in the Territorial Army.  He is shown in the Army List for this period as being seconded to the University Training Corps (U.T.C.) with the rank of Captain (T.A.).[44]  His specific assignment was to a sub-unit of the U.T.C.; that is, the London Officer Training Corps, R.E., a unit that had recently been reformed and reorganized as part of the Territorial Army.  Jenner was instrumental in reforming this sub-unit.  In addition to Captain Jenner, the unit consisted of Captain D.A. Pantony (T.A.) and Warrant Officer Class I G.P. English, R.E.  Warrant Officer English was a Regular Army non-commissioned officer of the Royal Engineers who was assigned to the cadre of the London O.T.C. sub-unit to lend his expertise for the pre-service training of young university student who might be liable for National Service.[45]

             In 1952 Captain Jenner was working at the O.T.C. training facilities at South Kensington.  He went with the cadets to an annual training camp at Bulford[46] and they visited the School of Military Survey at Hermitage near Newbury, Berkshire.[47]  In 1953, while still at South Kensington, Jenner again took the cadets to the annual camp at Bulford and they visited 32 Armoured Assault Regiment at Perham Down.[48]  In 1954 the cadets received similar training only this year they visited the Water Transportation Center at Marchwood[49] and in addition the sub-unit won the Rugby seven-a-sides competition in the London O.T.C.  The University of London O.T.C. sub-unit won the Individual Best Shot and Guard Mounting Competitions in 1955.  During this year WOI English was replaced by Sergeant G.F.M. Monk, R.E.[50]

            Captain Jenner was promoted to the rank of Temporary Major in the Territorial Army on the 15th of September 1957.[51]  In that same year he drew the maps for The History of the Corps of Royal Engineers, Volumes VIII and IX, 1939-1948, volumes that were written by Major General R.P. Pakenham-Walsh, CB, MC.  The General mentions Jenner by name on page viii of the Preface of each volume.  Jenner’s skill in drawing maps undoubtedly came from his service with the Geographical Section units that he commanded during the war.

             On the 1st of September 1958 Jenner was promoted to the substantive rank of Major and appointed as Second-in-Command of the University of London Officer Training Corps.  He remained in this assignment until the 29th of August 1961 when, having exceeded the age limit for further service, he was retired retaining the rank of Major.[52]  Following his retirement he became a teacher or performed duties at an academic establishment.  His academic duties probably were related to cartography based on his work with the Geographical Sections of the War Office and his map drawing skills.  Unfortunately the institution at which he initially worked is unknown, but it may have been the University of London, the Ordnance Survey or the Royal School of Military Engineering.

             In 1965 Major Jenner’s address is listed in The Sapper magazine as 72 Cleave Road in Gillingham, Kent.  The proximity of Gillingham to Chatham where the Royal School of Military Engineering is located might lead one to believe that the RSME was where he worked when he left his duties with the London OTC.  At any rate he retired from the academic position on the 31st of October 1965.  Following this retirement he and his wife went on a trip to Australian to visit one of their sons.  Prior to departing on this trip Jenner wrote the following letter to the editor of The Sapper:

2th October, 1965

A Former Editor Comments

                Dear Mr. Pullen – Thank you for your letter and copy of the September SAPPER.

            Much water has flowed under the proverbial bridge since you took over the editorship from me in the very difficult days of 1941 when material was scarce and a rigid censorship was in force.

            I would think that 25 years as Editor must constitute something of a record.  Probably during that time you have not had too many compliments for doing the job – but I assure you a great amount of interest regarding the Corps is conveyed to ex-Sappers through your efforts and it is very much appreciated.

            I have noticed that the cover of the Journal has changed several times since I was Editor.  I think, however, that the present layout is about the best so far, I particularly like the idea of putting a picture of a well-known ex-Sapper on the cover as you did in the September issue, but I doubt if you will find a better known one than Joe Ferigan.[53]  There are, however, many more “Old Boys” who have given long and devoted service.

            I am retiring at the end of this month from my academic duties and am taking my wife to visit our son in Australia, a trip to which we are eagerly looking forward.

            My best wishes to you and your work, perhaps you would convey my greetings to all contemporary members through the medium of the Corps Journal.

                                                                        Yours sincerely,

                                                                                    A.C. Jenner, Major (Retd.)

72 Cleave Road

Gillingham, Kent

The pleasure of your Editor at receiving a letter from a former Editor can well be imagined by my readers – EDITOR.

            It is believed that Jenner was living at “The Orchards,” Beighton, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk in 1976 when his occupation was noted to be “a grower of trees.”[54]  However, the author’s assumption in this regard may be in error.  (See Endnote 48 regarding the validity of this assumed location for Major Jenner at the time in question).

            Alfred Charles Jenner died on the 19th of May 1985, nine days short of his 80th birthday.  His death notice in the Supplement to the Royal Engineers Journal of October 1985 lists his rank as a Captain, R.E.  This entry may be in error as he retired with the rank of Major in the Territorial Army, although he did leave the Royal Engineers as a Captain.  His occupation is shown as a University Lecturer (retired) and his address as 2 Linden Avenue, Tuxford, Newark.  Nottingham University is located near Tuxford, and this may have been his place of employment in his later years.  The R.E. Journal listing shows no postnominals for him so apparently he was never honored with any orders.  No will or obituaries could be located for him.[55]

            Major Jenner’s death was registered on the 21st of May 1985.  He died at Bassetlaw District General Hospital in Worksop, Nottinghamshire.[56]  His death was registered at Worksop by B. Colbrook the Deputy Registrar.  The cause of death was a ruptured arteriosclerotic aneurysm of the aorta.  The informant of his death was he son, Derek Charles Jenner of Wytheburn, Church Street, East Markham, Newark.  His death was certified by P. Jenkins-Jones the Deputy Coroner for Nottinghamshire after a post mortem without an inquest.[57]


Figure 8.  Bassetlaw District General Hospital, Worksop, Nottinghamshire.

REFERENCES:

Army Lists

1.      The Army List, 1953, pp. 638 & 2473.

2.      The Army List, August 1956, pp. 637 & 2467.

3.      The Army List, September 1959, pp. 677 & 2467.

4.      The Army List, 1963.

Books

1.      FARWELL, B.  Mr. Kipling’s Army: All the Queen’s Men.  W.W. Norton & Company, New York, 1981, p.228.

2.      GORDON, Major L.L.  British Battles and Medals, Spink & Son Ltd., London, Fourth Edition, 1971, p. 351.

3.      GRIERSON, J.M.  Scarlet Into Khaki: The British Army on the Eve of the Boer War.  Greenhill Books, London, 1988, p. 21.

4.      PAKENHAM-WALSH, Major General R.P.  History of the Corps of Royal Engineers, Volume VIII, 1938-1948, The Institution of Royal Engineers, Chatham, 1958.

5.      PAKENHAM-WALSH, Major General R.P.  History of the Corps of Royal Engineers, Volume IX, 1938-1948, The Institution of Royal Engineers, Chatham, 1958.

6.      SKELLEY, A.R.  The Victorian Army at Home: The Recruitment and Terms and Conditions of the British Regular, 1859-1899.  McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal, 1977, pp. 237-238.

 Census Records

 1.      1841 Census of England, Parish or Township of Pluckley, Kent (HO 107/475).

2.      1841 Census of England, Civil Parish; Bethnal Green, County; Middlesex, Registration District; Bethnal Green, Sub-registration district; Green (HO 107/692).

3.      1851 Census of England, Civil Parish; Pluckley, County; Kent, Registration District; West Ashford, Sub-registration district; Calehill, Enumeration District: 3b, Household Schedule Number 41 (HO 107/1621).

4.      1871 Census of England, Civil Parish; Ashford, County; Kent, Registration District; West Ashford, Sub-registration district; Ashford, Enumeration District: 5, Household Schedule Number 201 (RG 10/958).

5.      1881 British Census.  Family History Library Film 1341226, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.  Public Record Office Reference RG11, Piece 0947, Folio 100, Page 21.

6.      1881 Census of England, Ashford, Kent, RG11/947.

7.      1891 Census of England, Ashford, Kent, RG12/700.

8.      Vital Records Index – British Isles.  Family History Library Film 992517, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.

9.      Vital Records Index – British Isles.  Family History Library Film 1469569, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.

 Civil Documents

 1.      England & Wales, Death Index: 1984-2005, Registration District: Worksop, Inferred County: Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Volume 8, Page 1412.

2.      Records of Baptisms Solemnized at Karachi, India, N/3/94, p. 203, Bombay Baptisms, 1905 held at the India Office Library.

3.      Certified Copy of an Entry of Marriage, Registration District of Medway, 29 April 2009, MXE 334333.

4.      Certified Copy of an Entry of Death, General Register Office, QBDY 103483, dated 29 April 2009.

 Correspondence

 Letter from Peter Bennett to Lt. Col. Edward De Santis, dated 8 May 2009, re: Research Pertaining to Alfred Charles Jenner.

 Email from Mrs. Peggy Jenner (daughter-in-law of Major Jenner) to Lt. Colonel Edward De Santis, dated 6 June 2009, re: Major A.C. Jenner, R.E.

 Internet Web Sites

      1.    Ancestry.com.  Select Births, Christening and Deaths in the England, 1538-1975.

The Free Dictionary by FARLEX.  Internet web site: www.acronyms.thefreedictionary.com 
2.    multiMap from Microsoft Live Search.  Internet web site:
www.multimap.com
3.    University of London Officer Training Corps Internet web site.FreeBMD Internet web site.  Medway District, Volume 2a, page 2592.
4.   5-Generation Pedigree Chart, Ancestry.com. 
http://trees.ancestry.com/pt/pedigreePrint.aspx?tid+734931&pid=-1112185450

5.      Wikipedia Internet Web Site: Bassetlaw District General Hospital.

6.      Wikipedia – Hanwell.  https://www.google.com/#q=hanwell+london

 London Gazette

 1.      Supplement to the London Gazette, 27 June, 1941, p. 3657.

2.      Supplement to the London Gazette, 9 February 1945, p. 810.

3.      Supplement to the London Gazette, 18 April, 1952, p. 2100.

4.      Supplement to the London Gazette, 17 December, 1957, p. 7343.

5.      Supplement to the London Gazette, 22 August, 1961, p. 6170.

6.      Supplement to the London Gazette, 4th November 1976, p. 14856 to 14857.

 Periodicals

1.      The Sapper, May 1924.

2.      The Sapper, July 1929.

3.      The Sapper, January 1931.

4.      The Sapper, December 1930.

5.      The Sapper, February 1931.

6.      The Sapper, October 1932.

7.      The Sapper, May 1934.

8.      The Sapper, June 1934.

9.      The Sapper, October 1935.

      The Sapper, March 1936.

1    The Sapper, November 1940.

1    The Sapper, February 1940.

1      The Sapper, July 1941.

1      The Sapper, October 1942.

1     The Sapper, December 1945.

1     The Sapper, June 1955.

1      The Sapper, July 1964.           

1      The Sapper, January 1966.

Royal Engineers Journals and Royal Engineers Lists

 

1.      The Royal Engineers Quarterly List, October 1935, p. xxi.

2.      The Royal Engineers List, 1943, p. liv.

3.      The Monthly Supplement to the Royal Engineers Journal, October 1985, Volume 101, No. 10.

 Service Papers

 Short Service Enlistment Papers of 27340 Sapper Alfred Rolfe Jenner, Royal Engineers, consisting of the following documents:

  1. Short Service Attestation (Army Form B. 263).
  2. Description on Enlistment.
  3. Statement of Services.
  4. Military History Sheet.
  5. Medical History.

 ENDNOTES


[1] Select Births, Christening and Deaths in the England, 1538-1975.  Bethersden is a village and civil parish five miles west of Ashford, Kent. The village has two public houses – The Bull and The George. It has a beautiful church, built in the early 15th century, and a Baptist church. Cranbrook is a small town in the Weald of Kent in South East England. It lies roughly half-way between Maidstone and Hastings, about 38 miles southeast of central London.

[2] Ibid.  Brabourne is a village and civil parish in the Ashford district of Kent, England. The village centre is 4.5 miles east of Ashford town centre.  Ashford is a town in the county of Kent, England. It lies on the River Great Stour at the south edge of the North Downs, about 61 miles southeast of central London and 15.3 miles northwest of Folkestone by road.

[3] 5-generation Pedigree Chart, Ancestry.com.

[4] 1841 Census (HO 107/475).

[5] 1841 Census (HO 107/692/7.

[6] 1881 Census of England, Ashford, Kent, RG11/947.

[7] 1891 Census of England, Ashford, Kent, RG12/700.

[8] The service papers of Alfred Rolfe Jenner.

[9] See AGE AND PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SOLDIERS IN THE BRITISH ARMY (VICTORIAN PERIOD).

[10]This would have been the The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), formerly the 3rd Regiment of Foot, a line infantry regiment of the British Army traditionally raised in the English county of Kent and garrisoned at Canterbury.

[11] See ENGINEER RECRUIT TRAINING.

[12] See CERTIFICATES OF EDUCATION.

[13] See GOOD CONDUCT PAY.

[14] See EXTENSIONS OF SERVICE OF THE REGULAR ARMY.

[15] Port Royal is a village located at the end of the Palisadoes at the mouth of the Kingston Harbour, in southeastern Jamaica.

[16] See RE-ENGAGEMENT IN THE REGULAR ARMY.    

[17] St Mary's Church, Tenby is a church located in the centre of the town of Tenby in Pembrokeshire, western Wales. The church is in the Diocese of Saint David's within the Church in Wales, and a member of the Anglican Communion.

[18] See MARRIAGE OF SOLDIERS DURING THE VICTORIAN PERIOD.

[19] Service Pay in addition, to their regular pay, was granted to men in the Royal Engineers who demonstrated proficiency in their military trades.  Service Pay was awarded in seven classes, with Class I being the highest.  His service papers show that on the 26th of November 1912 his “service pay was raised to the rate as a Carpenter.”  This is somewhat confusing as his trade had been Carpenter from the day of his enlistment and he already was receiving Class I service pay.  It appears that the number of classes of service pay might have been increased from the original seven by 1912.

[20]  Records of Baptisms Solemnized at Karachi, India, N/3/94.

[21]  Jenner had been given a physical examination at Weymouth on the 5th of September 1910 to determine if he was eligible for service overseas. 

[22]  Following the end of the Great War the British Army discontinued the use of Regimental Numbers and replaced them with a system of Army Numbers, with blocks of Army Numbers being allocated to various Corps and Regiments.

[23] The Sapper, May 1924, p. 220. 

[24] The Sapper, July 1929, p. 343.

[25] The Sapper, January 1931, p. 172.

[26] The Sapper, December 1930, p. 142.

[27] The Sapper, October 1932, p. 67 and The Sapper, May 1934, p. 283.

[28] Certified Copy of an Entry of Marriage, Registration District of Medway, 29 April 2009, MXE 334333.

[29] The Sapper, February 1931, p. 197.

[30] The Sapper, June 1934, p. 310.

[31] The Royal Engineers Quarterly List, October 1935, p. xxi.

[32] The Sapper, October 1935, p. 80.

[33] The Sapper, March 1936, p. 213.

[34] This medal is in the author’s collection.  The award of this medal was published in The Sapper, June 1934, p. 310.

[35] The Sapper, March 1936, p. 213.

[36] The Sapper, July 1964, p. 27.

[37] The Sapper, February 1940, p. 113.

[38] The Sapper, July 1964, p. 27.

[39] The Royal Engineers List, 1943, p. liv.

[40] Supplement to The London Gazette, 9 February 1945, p. 810.

[41] Email from Mrs. Peggy Jenner (daughter-in-law of Major Jenner) to Lt. Colonel Edward De Santis, dated 6 June 2009, re: Major A.C. Jenner, R.E.

[42] Hanwell is a town in the London Borough of Ealing, west London, England. Hanwell is about 2.5 km west of Ealing Broadway. It is the westernmost location of the LONDON post town.

[43] Jenner obviously is referring to the British National Health Service which began on 5 July 1948.

[44] There is no War Service notation next to Jenner’s name in the Army List, indicating that in fact he did not have any active service during the was.

[45] Additional information regarding the service of WOI English can be found in The Sapper, June 1955, p. 4, The Sapper, September 1955, p. 80 and The Sapper, November 1960, p. 122.

[46] Bulford Camp is a military camp on the Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England. Established in 1897, the site continues in use as a large British Army base. The camp is close to the village of Bulford and is about 2 14 miles (3.6 km) northeast of the town of Amesbury.

[47] The School of Military Survey, now the Royal School of Military Survey (RSMS), traces its heritage back to 1833 when it was established at the Royal Military Academy Woolwich as a survey training branch. After a period of stability the School moved to a number of locations including Chatham, Fort Southwick, Ruabon and Longleat before finally settling at Hermitage, Berkshire in early 1949, when it was renamed the School of Military Survey.

[48] Perham Down is a village in Wiltshire, England, near Ludgershall and Tidworth. It is on the edge of Salisbury Plain about 6 miles northwest of Andover, Hampshire and is often referred to by locals as Perham.

[49] Marchwood is a village and civil parish located in Hampshire, England, United Kingdom. It lies between Totton and Hythe on the western shore of Southampton Water and directly east of the New Forest. Marchwood Military Port was built here during World War II, which played a vital role in the Normandy landings. The Royal Navy Ordnance Depot was where the famous Mulberry harbours were made.

[50] Additional information regarding the service of Sergeant Monk can be found in The Sapper, June 1955, p. 4.

[51] The Army List, 1963. 

[52] Supplement to the London Gazette, 22 August, 1961, p. 6170.

[53] Here Jenner is referring to Company Sergeant Major Joseph E. Ferigan, MM, R.E., a veteran of the Great War.

[54] Supplement to the London Gazette, 4th November 1976, p. 14856 to 14857.  Jenner’s daughter-in-law had indicated that Jenner was living in Brabourne Lees, Ashford, Kent and not Great Yarmouth at this time, however The London Gazette clearly states that man by the name of A.C. Jenner who was living at the address in Great Yarmouth had applied for a license to abstract 12,000 gallons of water per day from an existing bore.  It may be that this A.C. Jenner is not Major Jenner, the subject of this research and that the initials and name are purely a coincidence.  One would have to give credit to Major Jenner’s daughter-in-law for having the correct information.

[55] Letter from Peter Bennett to Lt. Col. Edward De Santis, dated 8 May 2009, re: Research Pertaining to Alfred Charles Jenner.

[56]Worksop is the largest town in the Bassetlaw district of Nottinghamshire, England, on the River Ryton at the northern edge of Sherwood Forest.

[57] Certified Copy of an Entry of Death, General Register Office, QBDY 103483, dated 29 April 2009.